RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, VOL. 14, ES1002, doi:10.2205/2014ES000536, 2014

Relationship between solar activity and global seismicity and neutrons of terrestrial origin

I. P. Shestopalov, E. P. Kharin


The correlation between solar activity and global seismicity in 1680–2012 was studied. The authors discovered the global cycles of seismicity of the Earth, related to solar activity. They observed the solar cycles with a small number of spots, typical for the beginning of secular cycles, and strong seismic activity, which remained high throughout several decades. The scientists established a significant negative correlation between seismicity and solar activity. They revealed an absolute maximum of global seismic activity in the 20th century and discovered spatial-temporal regularities of manifestations of global seismicity. Experiments, which were simultaneously carried out at the Pushkov Institute of Geomagnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation (IZMIRAN), Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow and the Kamchatka Branch of Geophysical Survey, Russian Academy of Sciences, have verified the suggestion that neutron generation occur during the early stages of strong earthquakes. It was supposed that the mechanism of primary generation of terrestrial neutrons is related to nuclear reactions in the Earth's interior. The authors suggested to use an increase of streams of particles before an earthquake for its forecasting. For this purpose it is necessary to install devices for registration of thermal and fast neutrons in several active zones in the Earth's Northern and Southern hemispheres.

Received 14 January 2014; accepted 24 January 2014; published 12 March 2014.

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Citation: Shestopalov I. P., E. P. Kharin (2014), Relationship between solar activity and global seismicity and neutrons of terrestrial origin, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 14, ES1002, doi:10.2205/2014ES000536.

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