RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, VOL. 16, ES6001, doi:10.2205/2016ES000583, 2016
Mid-to-low-latitude ground magnetometers located on the dayside observe an unusual negative bay in the $H$-component as a direct response to the solar wind dynamic pressure (SWPd) pulse occurring during period of steadily intense southward IMF in the course of the magnetic storm main phase. Occurrence of geomagnetic depression maximizes in the postnoon sector. Geosynchronous satellite also observes a decrease of the dayside magnetic field. Simultaneous high-latitude magnetic disturbances are likely indicative of large strengthening of Region 1 field-aligned current (FAC). Observations seem to confirm the theoretical prediction that Chapman-Ferraro dynamics is replaced by Region 1 FAC dynamics when the IMF is strongly southward and SWPd is high.
Received 20 November 2016; accepted 23 November 2016; published 29 November 2016.
Citation: Lukianova Renata (2016), Unusual geomagnetic response to the solar wind dynamic pressure pulse during storm-time, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 16, ES6001, doi:10.2205/2016ES000583.
Copyright 2016 by the Geophysical Center RAS.